Starting from “Allamungan Batu in Luyo” spirit that tie Mandar in “Pitu Ba’bana Binanga and Pitu Ulunna Salu” confederation in a delivering diet result “Sipamandar” (be strengthen each other) to cooperate in building Mandar. From this spirit, hence about 1960 by the Manda elite figures in Makassar that is: H. A. Depu, Abd. Rahman Tamma, Amir Captain, H. A. Malik, Baharuddin Lopa, SH. and Abd. Rauf trigger establishment idea of Mandar Province located in Captain Amir house, and after South-east Sulawesi cut loose from the main Province, which that moment called South Sulawesi Province and Southeast Sulawesi Province.
The forming idea of Mandar Province turned into West Sulawesi Province forming plan and emerge it in H. A. Depu house at Sawerigading Street 2, Makassar, about 1961, declared in Istana Theatre (Public square), Sultan Hasanuddin Street, Makassar and the struggle was remain to continued till come up the new period the struggle still run but always at a dead lock. Finally, this struggle would be frozen till the Reformation period come up, then this struggle return to strived by Mandar elite figure as the struggle continuer generation that being the initial originator only H. A. Malik who still life, but have passed away on the struggle way and in last 2000 that declared in ‘Taman Makan Pahlawan Korban 40.000 men’ in Galung Lombok, then continued with West Sulawesi Congress I, which its execution is performed in Majene by getting approval and support from the regent and the DPRD head of Mamuju regency, Majene regency and Polmas regency.
The demand to cut loose from South Sulawesi as has started by public in ex Afdeling Mandar region since before Indonesia had independence. After reform era and ratify of LAW number 22 in 1999 then inflame again the struggle of three regencies public, namely Polewali Mamasa, Majene, and Mamuju to be a province.
Since 2005, three regencies (Majene, Mamuju and Polewali-Mamasa) formal separated from South Sulawesi Province become West Sulawesi Province, with provincial capital in Mamuju town. Hereinafter, Polewali-Mamasa regencies are also bloomed becomes two separate regencies (Polewali Regency and Mamasa Regency).
For the sufficiently long duration, this area had become one of isolate area or ‘forgetfully’ in South Sulawesi. There are some causes of it, all-important:
- The distance that is enough far from the provincial capital (Makassar); the mountainous geographical condition with not good road infrastructure; it resident majority (Mandar ethnical, and some group of other small sub-ethnic), which more egalitarian, so that often differ in position with majority ethnical group and dominance (Bugis and Makassar) which more hierarchies (or even feudal). In the early of 1960, a group of young intellectual Mandar leader Baharuddin Lopa late (The Minister of Legal Affairs and Attorney General during President Abdurrahman Wahid government, 1999-2000, and have time become ‘national icon’ anti corruption movement because the famous sincerity) float ‘Democracy Brochure’ express their disagreement to some policies of Jakarta and Makassar politics; and
- Fact history of this area have time to become main basis ‘traitor army’ (Battalion 310 leaders Colonel Andi Selle), in 1950-60an, disappointed to some governmental policies and then make against is armed to Indonesia National Military (TNI); besides as area Mount and forest rush to obtain contraband weapon through Makassar Strait by Darul Islam (DI) guerrilla led Kahar Muzakkar that being main based in Luwu Regency and Enrekang Regency in it eastside
West Sulawesi or Sulawesi Barat (short form Sulbar) is a province of Indonesia, created in 2004. Sulawesi Barat or West Sulawesi is a new province established in October 5, 2004. The lack of access to public service facilities and the very slow process of development in the region motivated the creation of West Sulawesi. The capital of West Sulawesi is Mamuju. West Sulawesi established by splitting South Sulawesi province. The area of West Sulawesi is used to be the northern part of South Sulawesi Province: Polewali Mandar, Mamasa, Majene, Mamuju dan Mamuju Utara. The area of the province is 16,796.19 km2. Its economy consists mainly of mining, agriculture and fishing. Its capital is Mamuju regency.
As a new province, the region faced complex problems, especially concerning demands for building of infrastructure and public facilities combined with bureaucracy formation and the need for capacity building to optimalize services to the public. Currently, this new province is under the supervision of a “caretaker” governor; the elections for a proper governor are planned for mid 2006, after being postponed in 2005.
Exploitation of the forests has affected nearly every region in Sulawesi, especially in West and Southeast Sulawesi. Habitats threatened by mining activities in Sulawesi now total over 1,181,062 hectares
Polewari Mandar is one of regencies in West Sulawesi, while the capital city is Polewari. The population in Polewali Mandar is about 455,572 inhabitants.
Before it became Polewari Mandar, this area was know as Polewali Mamasa Regency or abbreviated by Polmas, which was administratively part of South Sulawesi province. After divided into establishment, Mamasa was bacome the separate district and Polewali Mamasa was changed into Polewari Mandar. It was officially appointed since January 1, 2006.
Polewali Mandar is geographically located between 2 ° 40’00 “-3 ° 32’00” N and 118 ° 40’27 “-119 ° 32’27” East Longitude. It has border with Tondok Regency in North, Pokko Strait in South, Lembaga Regency in West and Benuang Regency in East.
Administratively, the total area of Polewari Mandar is about 2.022,30 km² and divided into 15 sub-districts.
Date back to the early begin, in colonial times, Polewali Mandar was part of the 7 areas of government known as Afdeling Mandar which includes four Onder section, which was: Onder Afdeling Majene with the capital of Majene, Onder Afdeling Mamuju with the capital of Mamuju, Onder Afdeling Polewali with the capital of Polewali and Onder Afdeling Mamasa with the capital of Mamasa.
Onder Afdeling Majene, Mamuju and Polewali was lies along the western coast of Sulawesi Island, covers 7 areas kingdom (Unity Customary Law), known by the name of Pitu Baqbana Binanga (Seven Kingdom at River Estuary).
Polewari Mandar has some potential things regarding the way of life of the inhabitant. For instance, in agriculture, Polewari Mandar has excellent commodity in rice and any other field crops, including maze, soybean, and cassava. Besides, green beans, peanuts, and sweet potatoes are also encouraged. In hortikulture, Polewali Mandar also relies on durian, mangosteen, mango, and rambutan.
As resources development, plantation has a very large role in many aspects: economic, ecological, and social. In economic terms, the plantation sector can increase people’s income and regional income, which has implications for the social security. As for the ecological aspect, this sector plays a major role in ensuring the environmental balance which also impacted on the social aspects of development or social change
By located in strategic area and has large enough area for plantation, it become the economic potential gain for the regency.
Recently, agricultural products such as cocoa, coffee, coconut, clove, hazelnut, and cashew are still very reliable as the leading commodity in Polewali Mandar.
In the field of forestry, Polewali Mandar referred to succeed through participation and active role of society, without neglecting the importance of protecting forests. Between communities and governments are together use forest products and develop them for the common welfare. As a result, the potential commodity such as rattan, pine, rosin, and wood, is being keep in empower.
The commodity in livestock is also potentially growth in proper way. The climate in Polewar Mandar is properly suitable for a large cultivation livestock like cows, buffaloes and horses. It has also small livestock population like goat, fowl and pig.
In industry, the commodity in Polewali Mandar is about cooking oil, silk, boat, rattan polish, and machinery.While in mining, Polewali Mandar set in category C which is copper, iron ore, granite and sienit, mica, clay, quartz and zeolite.
In tourism sector, Polewali Mandar also has great potential compared to other areas in West Sulawesi. Among of, it has marine tourism, nature tourism, cultural tourism, and handicrafts center which lies on several districts. The famous tourism object are Bahari beach, Indo Ranoang waterfall and Limbong spring, Limbong Miala waterfall, Limbong Kamandan, Sekka-sekka and Lopi Sandeq
Mamasa Regency is one of regencies in West Sulawesi Province. Capital of Mamasa, around 252 km from Makassar town, can be gone through 6 hours by using car. From parepare town, center inwrought economic expansion area in West Sulawesi province about 100 km. Its region wide is 275923 Km2 that consisted of 10 Districts and 123 Villages.
Geographically, Mamasa regency lay in co-ordinate between 12o 5 until 12o 50 00 South Latitude and 2o 400 00 to 3′ 32′ 00 East Longitudes with the region boundaries are:
North side: Mamuju regency
South side: Polmas regency
East side: Tator regency and Pinrang regency
West side: Mamuju regency
The Agricultural Produces of Mamasa regency are between of paddy, corn, cassava, parsnip, peanut, green peanut, soybean, vegetables and fruits.
The development of sub breeding sector is pointed to increase the population and livestock produce to fulfill the consumption of nourishment public, beside that it’s also applied to increase the breeder earnings. It is between the population of livestock growing in Mamasa regency are ox livestock, buffalo, horse, goat, and pig. While for poultry type is local chicken, race chicken, and local duck.
Generally, the Plantation Products in Mamasa regency are coffee and also cacao, what managed farmer traditionally. Coffee crop being yielded by Mamasa regency farmer, during the still becoming part of Polmas regency have given a contribution in lifting name of Polmas as coffee producer even not a few coffees of Mamasa which in marketing in neighbors area like Tator regency.
Mamasa regency has some tourism objects that are culture tourism Kuburan Tedong-tedong Minanga in Mamasa districts, Waterfall nature tourism Sarambu and the hot spring in Tadisi countryside, Sumarorong district, Agro Tourism Markisa in Mamasa district, Culture tourism house custom, Traditional Countrified is Ballapeu Countryside.
Mamuju Regency is one of regency area in West Sulawesi, Indonesia. The wide of this area (before it has expansion program) is 11.057,81 km_. The residents’ number of this regency is 296.229 men. Mamuju regency reside in West Sulawesi coastal area, its situation is very strategic because it is triangle gateway, which connected South Sulawesi Province – Central Sulawesi – East Kalimantan, so the 11057,81 km2 width area (before bloomed) called as ‘gold triangle area’. Mamuju Regency has great natural resources, especially agriculture sector that cover plantation, forestry, fishery and breeding sub sector. The distance from provincial capital is 455 Km.
Mamuju regency lay in co-ordinate between 0o 530 100 to 2o 540 520 South Latitude and 118o 540 470 until 120o 050 350 East Longitudes. The boundaries are:
North side: Donggala Regency, Central Sulawesi Province
South side: Majene regency and Polmas regency
East side: Tator regency and Luwu regency
West side: Makassar Strait
North Mamuju regency has 9 districts, 8 sub-districts and 119 villages.
Mamuju has long coastal line, which achieves about 400 Km that is extended from south to the north (includes coastal line of the islands). Generally, topographical types of this regency consist of highland, lowland and coastal line.
Population regency for 2002 is 323,692 people consist of 163,498 or 50.5% of men and 160,194 or 49.5% of women with people growth 5.36% average annually. The highest density occurs in Mamuju regency about 181 people/Km2 and the lowest occurs in Kalumpang district that attains six people/Km2.
The climate condition of this regency is dry season is occurred in June – October (along with southeast wind) and rainy season is occurred in October – May (wind from southwest) with rainfall is 4,855 mm/year and 169 rainy days (data for 2001).
INVESTMENT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITY
Food Crop Agriculture
The key commodities are (1) Rambutan that produce 1,375 ton and located in Tapalang, Mamuju, Kallukku, Papalang and Pangale district. (2) Orange that produce 137,710 ton which is supported by 146,954 threes and located in Tobadak, Topoyo, and Sarudu district. The investment opportunities are the development of potential land for fruit, juice industry and processing and cooling material for the fruit.
The key commodities are (1) Oil Palm that produce 613,633 ton; area wide is 49,297 ha and located in Pasangkayu, Budong-Budong, Rapala, and Karasa district. (2) Cocoa that produce 56,789 ton; area wide is 50,627 ha and located in Pasangkayu district. (3) Vanilla that produce 333 ton; wide area is 2,368 ha and located in Topoyo, Pasangkayu, Sarudu and Mamuju district. The investment opportunities are potential land for oil palm development about 126,580 ha; oil industry, drying industry for Vanilla and Cocoa, cultivation and trading.
The key commodities are (1) Cow which population about 71,028 and located in Kalluku, Papalang, Pangale, and Tommo district. (2) Broiler Chicken which population about 2.5 million and located in Tapalang, Mamuju, Tommo, Sampaga and Kaluku district. The investment opportunities are cultivation (fattening) of cow; feed mill industry, animal slaughter industry and big scale trading (livestock).
Land transportation in this regency is supported by the availability of road network which achieves + 1,626.62 Km whereas 45% of the road condition considers as good condition.
The facilities, which is available in Belang-Belang port is served by PT. PELNI is two times sailing. Moreover, there is also ferry facility, which is served by two private companies namely PT. Jembatan Madura Ferry and PT. Darma Kosala for the route Mamuju Balikpapan directly every day.
Air transportation facilities in this regency is supported by the availability of airport namely Tanpapadang airport that located in Sinyonyoi, Mamuju district about + 31 Km from Mamuju. The plane, which can be landed on this airport, is Twin Otter.
Telecomunication network is also available in this region, which is managed by PT. Telkom. Number of telephone network in this regency attains 2,349 SST (Main Telephone Channel). Moreover, cellular telephone network can also be access in several areas, especially the area near capital city.
Number of banks, which are operated in this regency, is three units namely BRI, BNI and South Sulawesi BPD.
The breeding sub sector development has pointed to increase population and livestock production to fulfill the public consumption of nourishment, beside that also applied to increase the breeder earnings. The livestock populations that grow in Mamuju regency are ox livestock, buffalo, goat and sheep. While for poultry type is race chicken, local chicken and duck.
Mamuju regency has longest coastline in West Sulawesi around 415 Km which spread over in 48 country sides in 13 district regions, become one of this area potency. Sea fishery product in Mamuju regency is 30000 tons, the fishpond of width shifting 22950 ha and mangrove bog with a width of 10241 ha. Besides that, it is also done an expansion of sea conducting of grass and sea cucumber. For that fishpond that developed is prawn and fish.
The production of crop plantation in Mamuju regency with flattening rainfall, make this area is precise for oil palm, hybrid coconut, cacao, coffee Arabica / Robusta, walnut, vanilla, sago and peppercorn expansion. From the commodities, oil coconut, cacao, coconut hybrid and walnut is taken as the exceeding. Special is oil palm, in Mamuju regency, it has produced about 533343 tons per-year in 2002, make this area become the central produce of the biggest oil palm in West Sulawesi.
Besides oil palm and cacao that becomes the commodity in Mamuju regency, this area also multifarious producer kinds of fruits. One of them is which is be developed on a large-scale farmer in this Manakarra earth (lucky trust) is sweet orange. The production of sweet orange in Mamuju regency experience improvement that is enough significant. In Belang – belang port for example, around 200 sweet orange tons of mamuju is routinely sent PT Deity Multiple to Jakarta per month, and sweet orange that sent to Kalimantan Island through Feri port
North Mamuju regency with its capital Pasangkayu is the youngest regency and located in West Sulawesi upstate, North Mamuju regency is the result of spin-offs from Mamuju regency. While from Palu, the capital of Central Sulawesi with the distance about 130 Km, it through about 3 hours. The wide of North Mamuju regency region is 3043,75 Km2.
North Mamuju regency lay between 3o 39 to 4o 16 South Latitude and 119o 53 to 120o 27 East Longitudes with regional boundaries:
North side: Donggala regency and Sulawesi Province
South side: Mamuju regency
East side: North Luwu regency
West side: Makassar Strait
North Mamuju regency is the alliance of Pasangkayu district with Sarudu district, Baras, and previous Bambalamotu become the Mamuju regency part before bloomed in 2001. Distance that is relative has near by that pass the time going through 8-9 hours. The condition of the road is about 30 % is result much time castaway. Most of of the road surface consisted of gravel mixed soil.
In economics aspect, Matra has depended on the agriculture sector. The contribution agriculture to domestic product regional gross (PDRB) North Mamuju in 2002 is noted of Rp 238,67 billions. This is the equivalent value with 78,32 % economic activity total Rp 304,72 billions. In sector agriculture, plantations become main driving wheel. Economic activity in plantation area yield not less than 195,62 billions.
The development of breeding sub sector is pointed to increase population and livestock production to fulfill the consumption of nourishment public would, side that also applied to increase breeder earnings. It is between population of livestock growing in North Mamuju regency is ox livestock, buffalo, goat and sheep. While for poultry type is race chicken, local chicken and duck.
Plantation crop production in North Mamuju regency hardly potential with the oil coconut commodity with broadly area about 15000 ha. Beside that it is also has cacao plantation area about 16000 hectares, while the clove about 145 hectares and coconut in broadly about 4100 hectares.
From the data in 2002 absorbent labors at this plantation at least 4200 farmers, out of 4158 productive trees is yielded of 4794 coconut tons. Its marketing area is Surabaya. Coconut is sent to East Java province through public port in Sarudu. Besides suited for plantation crop, Abbreviation dimension from Northy Mamuju is hardly suited for sweet orange cultivated. This crop grows either in Pasangkayu, Sarudu and Baras district. It wide area is 1.026.250 Ha and there is around one million trees yielding 94942 orange tons. Its marketing area is Surabaya, Samarinda and Manado being ship through Belang-belang Port in Mamuju regency.
Majene regency has position of a real strategic region, located in north side Makassar city. The regional wide 947,84 Km2, with traveled distance from capital of South Sulawesi is about 302 Km, equipped with mains terminal and assistant terminal, transportation system of water territory have been provided some supporting facilities for ports that is Majene port in Banggai district, Palipi port Sendana district and a seaport in Pamboang district and Malunda district. Majene regency is also the commerce area that is supported with such supporting facilities for commerce like; permanent market and emergency market.
In small industrial sector, has a real bright prospect, because there are 2949 small industrial units, which spread over in all district and can permeate 5467 labors. The potential small industry is processing of saline fish, ceramics making, worker and copra making. While pledge commodity is weave industry gedongan silk case mandar.
In breeding sector, Majene regency has big livestock potency expansion like buffalo, ox, Horse, Goat and also small livestock, and poultry like duck, race chicken and local chicken, which its population is always grew, special is big livestock like goat are looked after by the public for other and local requirement, while for inter island trade as for small livestock destined for local consumption.
To draw the foreign countries tourist and also domestic, it have been provided and developed by some tourism objects which spread over in each district, both nature, maritime and culture tourism. Special the pre-eminent tourism object it has been developed Dato Pangele White Sands beach, Bonde-bonde White Sand beach, Macula Limboro hot spring that have beautiful nature panorama. Majene regency have tourism attraction which do not fail to draw it, like Mandar traditional ceremony, Mandar-Majene Ethnical Dance, Public Sea transport and making of mandar palm oil
Restaurant, Accommodation and Soauvenir