Tempat yang menarik di Sulawesi Selatan
• UJUNG PANDANG – MAKASAR
On the outskirts of Ujung Pandang, Paotere is where sailing boats and other small vessels anchor to unload their cargo. The setting casts a glow over the sea with the silhouettes of the boats. Tourists most often photograph this
Across the harbor of Ujung Pandang is Samalona Island, which has been developed into a pleasant recreational resort. It can be reached by boat in 45 minutes and has simple accommodation. Recreational sports include diving, snorkeling, water skiing and fishing. Best months to visit are from February to October.
Formerly the seat of the Gowa kings, about 11 km. From Ujung Pandang is the old palace of wood, standing on stilts facing the town square across the administration office. Now the Ballalompoa Museum, weapons and costumes of royalty are on display in glass cases. The royal regalia, which include a stone studded gold crown weighing 1769 grams, can be seen only on special request.
The Tomb of Sultan Hasanuddin
Sultan Hasanudin (1629-1690) is Gowa King that spent all of his life to against the Dutch colonization. This graveyard is located at Gowa Kings complex. He was famous for his exceptional bravery in his struggle against colonial encroachment in South Sulawesi. His tomb and those of other kings of Gowa are located in a secluded cemetery not far from Sungguminasa, about 8 km from Ujung Pandang.
The huge crypts are gray with age and just outside the walls of the cemetery, a small fenced-off plot contains the Tomanurung stone on which the kings of Gowa were crowned in a show of pomp and splendor. Not far from the tombs is the oldest mosque in the area, built in 1603
Formerly the holiday resort of the kings. Malino, which is 70 km from Ujung Pandang offers a heaven from city-life. Located on the slopes of Mt. Bawakaraeng it has a cool climate with forests of pine trees making it picturesque. Deer hunting on horseback was a royal sport in the days gone by. Beside that, Malino also produce some fruits and vegetables, which grew on the Moun Bawakaraeng’s slope. Some of South Sulawesi people had sacred this mount.
You will find white sandy beaches at Bira, 178 km from Ujung Pandang to the south. Traditional shipbuilding is also located in this area. Not far from this area visitors can cross to Selayar Island.
The largest cave in South Sulawesi, the legendary Mampu cave is about 140 km from the capital. Besides stalagmites and stalactites, rock formations resemble human figures and animals to which legends are attached. Bats that shriek and flutter around when bright lights pierce the darkness inhabit the cave
To the north of Ujung Pandang and driving east along the mountain range, is the Bantimurung waterfall, about 41 km from the capital. A cascade of sparkling water gushes out between rocky cliffs into a stream shaded by tall trees. Here the air is filled with butterflies, which fly from shrub to shrub over the water. These rare brightly colored ornithoid butterflies are considered the most beautiful in the world
Leang-Leang Historic Park
Now declared an archaeological site, these prehistoric caves have strange rock carvings of hands and wild pigs, believed to be 5,000 years old. The road leads from Maros through the cave-riddled limestone hills to the site about half an hour’s drive from the airport
Pare-pare is the second biggest cities in South Sulawesi after Makasar city, which has strategic location. Pare-pare is a lunch stop along the road from Ujung Pandang to Toraja, through paddy fields and typical Bugis houses made of wood and bamboo, built on stilts. This city is located in the middle of South Sulawesi province and the side of Makasar strait. Its topography is coastal and hilly area. The wide area of Pare-pare city is 99,33 Km2, about 155 km from Makasar city. Geographically, Pare-pare city located at 03o 57′ 39” – 03o 57′ 39” South latitudes and 119o 36′ 24” – 119o 43′ 40” east longitudes. The boundaries of Pare-pare city is:
North side: Pinrang regency
South side: Barru regency
East side: Sidrap regency
West side: Makasar strait
The capital town of Wajo Regency is well known for its silk weaving and therefore is the center of Buginese silk. The Buginese ethnic group, known for their crossing to other islands as traders of silk, sarongs and other material, populates this area. Here we can find lake Tempe, one of the tourist resorts. Sailing and boating can be enjoyed on this lake
Soppeng is one of the beautiful towns in South Sulawesi and has wide area authority of the other local kingdoms. It is proof with the Bugis inscription that is “Lontara”. The most characteristic of this town is the existence of bats. Hang on of the trees without take noticed the traffic around them.
Soppeng is another center of the silk industry, this spinning mill produces thread from silk worms. Weaving can be seen in many private homes along this route, which is 240 km to the northeast of Ujung Pandang. The finest silk is hand-loomed by village women who individually need a whole month to produce two meters of silk. Visitors are welcome to stop and watch, or make a purchase if there is any readily available
236 km to the north of Ujung Pandang, you can see beautiful landscapes at Bambapuang, located 20 km from Enrekang to the north on the way to Tana Toraja. Here can be seen an erotic mountain called Batu Kabobong, by its shape formed by the valley and slopes. A rest house is built on an elevation, giving a clear view of the countryside
Polewali – Mamasa (Polmas)
Polewali is the capital town of Polmas Regency located 246 km north of Ujung Pandang. Mandarnese, Buginese, Torajans and Javanese ethnic groups inhabit it. This town is well known for its silk sarongs, which is called “Sarung Mandar” and rattan furniture and crafts. There are several small islands to be reached by fishing boats in 10- 16 minutes. All these islands have white sandy beaches
Tanatoraja is one of the beautiful regions in South Sulawesi, in Indonesia as well. From a distance, ones can see the jagged ridges of the hills stretching side by side along the slopes of the mountains. More than this, ones can also find beautiful valley in which bamboos and sugar palms grow up, and the traditional houses with curved roof among the paddy fields that are beautiful and naturally carved and colored by the skillful of Tanatoraja people.
Before the Dutch come to power in this high land in 20th century, there was no even a single word given for the name of their religion. Instead of the word “Aluk”, which refers to a ritual ways and daily lives activities that are to be controlled without special instruction, of how to build a house, to cook rice, to greet boys an the head of the village, and the number of buffaloes and pigs that must be slaughtered in every ritual ceremony. One of the principles of this teaching is to apply ‘give and take’ tradition among them. Blesses and curses used to come between the one who is still a life and the spirits of his or her ancestry. The most prestigious ceremony in Tanatoraja is the death ceremonial. More than a half of Tanatoraja people, are Christians. They still up hold and proud of their cultural heritage in welcoming the guests ritually.
Makale is the capital of Tanatoraja regency. Most of the steep hills here are crowned with the churh towers, while the new government offices dominate the valley. Most of the office takes the form of Torajan’s traditional houses with the specific curved roofs and carvings. Tondon, Suaya, and Sangalla are the places, which directly connected with the West Toraja. During the market days, these towns seems to be the center of the activities because people from a distance come with their home industry products such as mats, baskets, carvings and cattle.
Tana Toraja, (Toraja Land), which lies in the north of the province is known for its unique culture and ancient traditions. The center of tourism is Rantepao, 328 km from Ujung Pandang by road. There are several small bungalow hotels at Rantepao, and Makale, the district capital. A gate built in traditional boat-shaped architecture marks the entry to TanaToraja. The road passes through the mountains of Kandora and Gandang on which, according to Toraja mythology, the first ancestors of celestial beings descended from heaven.
The majority of the people still follow an ancestral cult called “Aluk Todolo” which governs all traditional ceremonies. From Rantepao, side trips can be made to Kete, a traditional village where there are handicraft and unique shops. Behind the village there is a gravesite on a hillside. Life-size statues guard over old coffins. As roads are not always paved, it is necessary to use a jeep or walk if the weather is good (between May and October). Two cliff graves easy to reach are Lemo and Londa. Londa is one of the oldest hanging graves belonging to the nobility. A large balcony is filled with effigies of the dead. Kerosene lamps with young village guides can be hired to enter the caves to see skeletons and old coffins. At Lemo, burial chambers are cut out of the rock and several balconies filled with effigies look out while new caves are being dug to serve as family graves.
There are several gravesites and traditional villages of which Palawa is a classic example of a village on a small hill with “Tongkonan” or a burial place with celebrations and festivals. Visitors are welcome but they are expected to adhere to local customs of dress, seating and bringing a token present
Sangalla is a village, which is located on a hilly valley. It lies among the leafy bamboo trees. Here you can find an interesting tourism object, which is a special cemetery for young babies. More than that, the cemetery of King Sangalla can be found at one of the slopes of the hills in this village, which is named Suaya.
These graves are carved on the hillsides. They are the resting-places of the seven kings and their families of Sangalla kingdom. “Tau-Tau” of the kings and their families are placed in front of the stone graves. They are dressed traditionally in accordance with the dress of Toraja Kings. Not far away from this place, you can find a ‘Tongkonan House’ that was built by the Sangalla King, which nowadays is known as “Museum Buntu Kalando”. Even though, the model of this museum is quite new, in it you can find several past kingdoms properties and some house equipments, which formerly were the belongings of King Sangalla (Puang Sangalla
In Lemo graveyards you can see the veranda of “Tau-Tau” mixed up together with the steep coral stone museum in the open air, which seems to be a combination between death, arts, and ritual. ‘Tau-Tau’ is small wooden statue, which sometimes is made of bamboo tree. This statue is considered to accommodate the spirit of the pass by persons
Londa is steep rocky sides’ graves. One of its sides is located on a higher place from the hills which has a deep caves where you can see coffins that are arranged and grouped based on the family lines. On the other side of the hill, on the balcony, dozens of ‘tau-tau’ seems to be a life, stand straight with eyes opened, are looking over the beautiful landscape of this area
Kete Kesu is a village, which is still characterized by traditional lives of Toraja people. If you take a look from the front side, you will find it lies over in the middle of the wide paddy fields with a beautiful sequence of curved roofs and carved walls barns. This village consists of four traditional tongkonan houses of Toraja. Inside one of the Tongkonans, there is something like a small museum, which is located in the middle of the ground floor. Most of the people of this village have a good mastery in painting and carving. This can be seen among them who are doing carves and paints
Marante is a village, which has a lot of Tongkonans, big paddy barns and big rocky hills that containing hanging stone graves which the local people called “Erong
Makale is the capital of Tanatoraja administration. The steep hills of the town crowned with the church’s tower and its valleys with many new government buildings. Most of them have traditional Toraja architecture here, which are full of relieves and curvy roof. The city is a proper site connecting west Toraja around Tondon, Suaya and Sangalla. By the time of market day, the city will be a central of people’s activity, because a great many people from different areas coming with their products, such as cattle, earthenware handicrafts, baskets and local handicrafts.
Rantepao is the second town after Makale in Toraja. Most of interesting places are in the radius of 15 km.
SUAYA (KING SUAYA GRAVEYARD)
The graveyard lies on one of the hillsides. It is carved as the resting place of the kings and king’s family; in conform to the Toraja King dresses, placed in front of stone grave. There are some stone steps to reach the hill, where the kings had their contemplation during their life. A museum will be built in this place to keep the property of King Sangalla.
Some people believe that To’Barana Sa’Dang is the centre of Toraja area. In kampongs part, there are four well-maintained rice barns in a beautiful grass field. Beautiful Toraja weaving cloth are displayed and sold in these kampongs. Nice and great terraced rice field around the kampong is beautiful scenery in these kampongs
Going northern along the river of Sa’dang, we’ll find Palawa, Tan Tan and Tongkonan. Tongkonan Palawa is one of the most interesting Tongkonan with many bull horns attached in front of their traditional houses. They are located in the top of a hill among the shady bamboo trees. Tongkonan can be found in many overseas tourist magazines
In the traditional kampong of Nanggala, we can see 4 big rice barns in a row with the curvy roof and carved walls those rice barn face with two traditional ex houses Nanggala king. Some of the carving shows a combination of modern and traditional themes
Buntao is a very interesting place to visit, especially in ‘market’ day. There is a ‘pantane’, a grave in the Toraja house form in this area, beside many other old graveyards on top of the hill.
It is located on the side of a pathway near ‘Makale’ market. In the side of the hill there is a row of ‘Tau Tau’ in front of cave grave, which is of the aristocratic family
It is located in the Sesean area, which has a cool climate, around 1300 m above the sea level. There are 56 ‘Menhirs’ stones in a circle with five bamboo trees in the middle. Most of the menhirs are of two up to three meters height. Very beautiful scenery above Rantepao and the surrounding valleys can be seen from this place that makes it a very interesting place to visit.
Lokomata is about 35 km from Rantepao, and has a very beautiful scenery of 4 big stones levels on the side of the road having 60 stones mountain sides graves with beautiful terraced nice field, mountains and valleys underneath
There is a warm water pool in this place, beside a resting house with natural warm water in the bathroom. In front of the house there is a small concrete pond filled with water, which flows from the back of the house. It is nice to have a bath in this warm water after a long journey
It is 6 km from Rantepao a road to Sa’dang and Pallawa. The most intresting object in Bori is the tall ‘rante’, menhir stones, soared up several meters above the land
There is a ‘Tongkonan’ built by Sangalla King. It has a museum inside, everthough the style is quite recent, this house – form museum has some interesting kingdom objects and some house hold appliances owned by the ‘Puang’ of Sangalla
Traditional Tongkonan houses with carved walls poles can be seen from this place. The rice barns in this kampong are new with the new relief on them
Karassik refers to bamboo houses painted in various colors stand in a row in the side of ritual ceremony place, rante and some menhir stones